We all want to live a good life, but how is often the question, in this episode we ask this question to an ancient greek philosopher Aristotle and get his opinion on it.
Aristotle is one of the greatest thinkers in the history of western science and philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre. He’s also considered as the first real scientist and is father of many subjects such as logic, Biology and zoology.
In this episode, Aristotle comes back alive and explains us what is the key to good life and how achieve ‘Happiness’
In order to be happy, we must live in accordance with the function of human nature. he says
The function of a knife, for example, is to cut. The function of an animal is to enjoy sensuous pleasures. For Aristotle, the function of human beings is to reason, since it is reason that makes us different from other animals; people are essentially rational (reason-based) beings.Aristotle believes that worldly pleasures will lead us to an incomplete and unfulfilled life. However, this is difficult because it is our human nature to be constantly tempted and distracted by such things. He states that it is the actions that lead to these virtues that will guarantee the most happiness
As human beings, we can exercise reason regarding both theoretical and practical matters. So, our function – and therefore the key to real happiness – is to be realized through the proper exercise of theoretical and practical reason.
The Greek word that usually gets translated as “happiness” is eudaimonia, and like most translations from ancient languages, this can be misleading. The main trouble is that happiness (especially in modern America) is often conceived of as a subjective state of mind, as when one says one is happy when one is enjoying a cool beer on a hot day, or is out “having fun” with one’s friends. For Aristotle, however, happiness is a final end or goal that encompasses the totality of one’s life. It is not something that can be gained or lost in a few hours, like pleasurable sensations. It is more like the ultimate value of your life as lived up to this moment, measuring how well you have lived up to your full potential as a human being.
…the function of man is to live a certain kind of life, and this activity implies a rational principle, and the function of a good man is the good and noble performance of these, and if any action is well performed it is performed in accord with the appropriate excellence: if this is the case, then happiness turns out to be an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue.
He is happy who lives in accordance with complete virtue and is sufficiently equipped with external goods, not for some chance period but throughout a complete life
So, In this episode what Aristotle claims is that to live a successful life we need to have virtues and live life in moderation or in what he calls the golden mean.
So that means, you’ve to have virtues exactly in between two vices for example Courage is the virtue in Golden mean, it’s inbetween Rashness and Cowardice, the two vices.
That way he lists out the other virtues as ;
And highest of all the virtues :
Happiness requires intellectual contemplation, for this is the ultimate realization of our rational capacities.
So live life in moderation with all the virtues with good friends, that was our friend aristotle says about a key to good life. Hope you have a good life. see you next week!
Last episode : https://revitellect.wordpress.com/2017/05/14/how-to-handle-criticism-logos-podcast-episode-2-ft-shubham-verlekar/